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宗教领袖

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宗教领袖的例子:天主教信仰的罗马教宗

宗教领袖(英文:religious head)是宗教中地位最高的角色。主要有:

  • 罗马 Catholic.png:教宗
  • Orthodox.png 基督教:普世牧首
  • Miaphysite.png 基督教:科普特教宗
  • Nestorian.png 基督教:东方牧首
  • Sunni.png 伊斯兰教: 逊尼派哈里发
  • Shia.png 伊斯兰教:什叶派哈里发

未改革原始宗教没有宗教领袖,即使他们能够通过改革宗教来创建一个,称为大祭司或(Norse.png 的)英雄王。某些异端也有领袖,并不是开局都存在,但可以通过决议创建,例如 Catholic Heresy.png 小兄弟会教宗。东方宗教Holy Fury.png 改革原始宗教的领导权类型为地方自治也将没有宗教领袖。

某些宗教领袖头衔不能被摧毁,总是被某些角色持有;对于一些异端,常常是信仰该宗教的唯一角色就是它的领袖。

在大多数宗教里,宗教领袖属于神职人员。伊斯兰教和 Holy Fury.png 改革原始宗教信仰的领导权类型为世俗,其宗教领袖是一位通常行使巨大的世俗权力的贵族。宗教领袖可以批准离婚,号召十字军、吉哈德和大圣战(除了东正教和基督合性派及他们的异端)和准许入侵。基督教和雅兹迪派宗教领袖还可以绝罚其教会成员。

宗教领袖通过以下方式影响他们的宗教权威

  • 他们的虔诚(+0.02%/点,最大+25%宗教权威(1250虔诚);负虔诚无下限)
  • 他们的外交属性(+0.5%/点)
  • +5% 宗教权威,如果他们控制位于宗教圣地的一个神殿
  • -10% 宗教权威,如果他们有"邪恶神职人员"特质

还有一个单独但相关的概念——一位角色的宗教领袖,其不总是和宗教领袖相同。这对东正教和基督合性派特别重要,他们有自主牧首;相比其他领袖,他们的权利有限。当对立教宗存在时,此概念与天主教也有关。

教廷

Pope.png 教宗是天主教会的领袖, 经常位于罗马并自己控制罗马。教宗国头衔是王国级的,所以他只能被皇帝通过战争或控制台附庸。因为某些机制,他不仅对天主教统治者感兴趣,还对有天主教神职封臣的非天主教统治者有兴趣。

Dlc icon sons of abraham.png 亚伯拉罕之裔DLC增加了许多关于教宗的新内容。

教宗国和宗座近卫队

教宗国是被教宗控制的 法理王国级领土 。教宗会对控制教宗国下的法理公国的统治者感到愤怒; 然后教宗可能会因为对你的低好感而开除你的教籍,这是值得天主教徒忧虑的一件事。相反,篡夺或销毁该头衔将极大地削弱教廷的世俗权力。

教宗有一个附庸的名为宗座近卫队的雇佣兵大队;这意味着教廷往往比教宗征召兵数量所显示的更为强大。

主教对教宗的好感

如果相比世俗领主,天主教的主教更喜欢教宗/对立教宗,他们将拒绝向世俗领主提供征召兵并且向教宗/对立教宗缴税。如果他们对世俗领主和教宗/对立教宗的好感都是+100,他们仍将拒绝提供征召兵和税收。

天主教神职人员提供征召兵和缴税的不确定性变得更加紧迫,当:

  • 非天主教统治者附庸天主教神职人员。
  • 天主教统治者位于异教/异端国家邻近地区,特别是如果教宗很受欢迎时。

教宗的选任

主条目:教宗选任法

教宗由枢机团选出。游戏中,同一时间有九位枢机,当教宗去世后,枢机从他们的成员选出一位来代替他。空缺的枢机职位基于主教的总适任分数来授予。此分数基于候选人的年龄,特质,文化和世俗权力(持有头衔的等级和数量),也基于教宗对该主教的领主的好感。统治者可以投入竞选资金来提高他们的候选人被选上的几率。

枢机基于相似的排名系统选择下一位教宗,统治者不能直接施加影响。然而,教宗若收到来自特定统治者国家的枢机的投票,每一次收到的投票他将有一个大量的+100好感修正。

教宗支持

与教宗有良好关系的天主教统治者可以请求他给予特殊支持。这些要求中的大部分需要 Dlc icon sons of abraham.png 亚伯拉罕之裔 DLC;除了离婚,绝罚和入侵。某些支持将会减少教宗对你的好感(持续 20 年)。如果你的主头衔有教宗神职叙任权,寻求教宗支持花费的虔诚减半。

In considering your request, the Pope will consider your virtues and piety; opinion is only a minor factor. It also helps to have the same culture, same dynasty, a saintly bloodline, and influence over the College of Cardinals. Popes you supported in becoming cardinals and vassal popes are significantly more likely to accept your requests.

支持 花费 好感 注释
请求提名主教 50 Icon wealth.png
30 Piety.png
主头衔必须有教宗神职叙任权
请求离婚 100 Piety.png -5 配偶的家族不高兴。在配偶不忠的情况下,宗教领袖总会批准,不花费虔诚,宗教领袖没有好感惩罚。如果目标是与教皇同一家族,则不太可能被批准。
请求绝罚 (他们的头衔) 宗教权威 > 40%。同一宗教领袖。虔诚花费取决于目标级别。教皇在6个月内不会为你绝罚另一个角色。
请求撤销绝罚 (他们的头衔) 如果被绝罚了,教宗将要求你忏悔罪行。
请求资助 -25 给予两倍于统治者年收入的金钱。
请求宣称 (你的领地规模) -10 to claim a county
-20 to claim a duchy
通过点击头衔界面的“宣称”按钮或右键点击统治者,你可以请求对一个省份或公国的宣称。教宗下方的按钮可打开一个他愿意给予的宣称列表。不能用于被神职人员,城市封臣或贵人持有的头衔。除非你向真正的教宗要求宣称,否则目标必须和你有同一宗教领袖。如果目标已被绝罚,是女性或儿童,更有可能被批准。是扩张领土或正当剥夺头衔的强力方法。
请求入侵 500 Piety.png -50 给予你一个准许入侵CB,你不需要立即使用它。宗教权威> 50%
请求发动十字军 500 Piety.png -100 查看请求发起十字军了解全部要求。宗教权威 > 5%

加冕

主条目:加冕

天主教国王和皇帝,若为自主神职叙任权,可以选择由教宗加冕;教宗神职叙任权的皇帝“只”能由教宗加冕。

对立教宗

主条目:对立教宗

对立教宗是天主教的特色。他们是统治者控制的主教,对罗马教宗有对立宣称。

异端教宗

如果 Dlc icon sons of abraham.png 亚伯拉罕之裔DLC激活并且罗马被信仰小兄弟会的统治者持有,该统治者可以通过决议创建小兄弟会教宗,花费1000虔诚。小兄弟会机制和天主教一样,除了小兄弟会教宗是公爵头衔而不是国王头衔。

牧首

主条目:自主教会

一些基督教宗教有称为自主教会的特色,有称为牧首的中间宗教领袖,在他们的辖区内自治,但向一位总领袖汇报。

以下宗教有自主教会,并且有相关的总宗教领袖:

  • Orthodox.png 东正教:普世牧首(通常在君士坦丁堡)
    • Orthodox Heresy.png 圣像破坏派:圣像破坏派牧首(在君士坦丁堡,如果建立了)
    • Orthodox Heresy.png 基督一志派:基督一志派牧首(通常在安条克)
    • Orthodox Heresy.png 保禄派:保禄派牧首(通常在君士坦丁堡)
  • Miaphysite.png 基督合性派:科普特教宗(通常在亚历山大)
    • Miaphysite Heresy.png 基督一性派:基督一性派教宗(通常在亚历山大)

他们总存在,除了最初没人持有圣像破坏派牧首;如果你有 Dlc icon sons of abraham.png 亚伯拉罕之裔DLC,如果君士坦丁堡的主教/牧首及其领主都是圣像破坏派,可以通过决议创建圣像破坏派牧首。

一个例外是在 DLC icon Charlemagne.png 769年,拜占庭帝国的皇帝和贵族是圣像破坏派,君士坦丁堡(主教区)被圣像破坏派牧首持有。然而,任何不是 Zealous.png 的拜占庭皇帝可以声讨圣像破坏派,转变他和牧首为东正教(在此过程中,摧毁圣像破坏派牧首教座,给予他普世牧首教座)。直到采取该决议前,普世牧首教座不存在。

另一个例外是使用摧毁头衔的CB使得该头衔被摧毁时,例如部落入侵CB。只要一位东正教统治者控制着君士坦丁堡,普世牧首教座仍然可以通过一个决议得以恢复。This will grant both the bishopric and the top level holding of Constantinople to the new Patriarch, and grant him independence.(需要确认)

普世牧首教座是国王级别,通常是拜占庭皇帝的封臣和宗教领袖(所有他不能任命一位自主牧首,但他有拥有一位所带来的全部好处);其他是公爵级别。

东正教异端波格米勒派和聂斯脱里派异端祷告派没有领袖。

机制

The Patriarchate has a unique mechanic of usurping their capital barony. The only requirement for this is that the bishopric in question is held by a character of the same religion as their head.

Upon doing so:

  • they will receive the barony in question
  • if the barony was the capital of a county, they will obtain the county title and all other baronies associated with it
  • will become the vassal of the lowest-ranked ruler that can vassalize them

An example of the above: The Bishopric of Alexandria is currently held by a Coptic character. His lieges are, in order, the Count of Alexandria, the Duke of Alexandria, the King of Egypt, and the Emperor of Arabia, all different characters. (Their religion does not matter.) Once the Coptic Pope usurps the Bishopric of Alexandria from the current Bishop, he will become a vassal - however because Counts and Dukes cannot hold Dukes as vassals, he breaks the vassal contract with the Count of Alexandria and Duke of Alexandria and becomes the direct vassal of the King of Egypt, and consequently an indirect vassal of the Emperor of Arabia.

In a similar example with the Ecumenical Patriarch and Constantinople, he would instead be the direct vassal of the Emperor of Byzantium instead of the King of Greece, as Kings cannot vassalize Kings.

弥合东西方教会大分裂

The Dlc icon legacy of rome.pngLegacy of Rome DLC is required for this decision.

If all five seats of the pentarchy (Constantinople, Rome, Jerusalem, Alexandria, and Antioch) are controlled by Orthodox (or former Orthodox heresy) bishops who are all, along with the religious head, vassals (direct or indirect) of an independent ruler of the same religion, this liege has a decision to mend the Great Schism. This gives all Catholic characters the opportunity to convert to Orthodoxy and makes Catholicism and its heresies into heresies of Orthodoxy. This will not happen to Miaphysitism or Nestorianism, however, likely because these branches of Christianity broke off before the Great Schism. Please refer to the Decisions page for additional requirements to take this decision.

Iconoclasts, Paulicians, and Monothelites can also mend the schism if one of these heresies manages to replace Orthodoxy as the parent religion. Bogomilists, having no religious head, cannot mend the schism. Miaphysites, Nestorians, and their heresies, though they use the same mechanics as Orthodoxy, cannot mend the schism either.

Even though the Iconoclast, Paulician, and Monothelite Patriarchs can mend the Schism if they are no longer heretical, the Schism cannot be mended if the Pope (the bishop of Rome) has abandoned the Catholic faith for the Cathar, Fraticelli, Lollard or Waldensian heresies.

哈里发国

A Muslim religious head is known as a Caliph, a political and religious successor to the prophet Mohammad. Unlike Papacies and Patriarchates, which mainly hold religious authority and are usually regional secular powers at best, caliphates are often large feudal lands ruled by noble lords. This means one can play as the Caliph and call Jihads against enemy religions.

Caliphates are strongly tied to the primary title:

  • When the primary title of a secular religious head is usurped, the religious head title is usurped as well. For example, taking the Arabian Empire may also make you the Sunni Caliph, as long as you are also Sunni.
  • Characters of other religions are disqualified from the ruler's succession.
  • Caliphates are destroyed if their holder becomes unlanded.

哈里发的能力

Muslim religious heads (including the Yazidi and Hurufi Sheikhs) gain access to two powerful CBs. You can use Caliphal Subjugation to take Kingdom-tier territories from rulers of the same religion, so long as you either border the kingdom or own land in it. (You retain the Muslim Invasion CB against everyone else.) You also have the ability to call Jihads every 30 years, which (upon success) both increase your religion's Moral Authority and potentially give you large amounts of land.

The disadvantages of being Caliph are minor. Your character's Diplomacy and Piety count for your religion's Moral Authority; if your character is impious or antisocial, you may have a hard time converting provinces, and heretics will pop up more often. The Caliphate or Sheikhdom counts as a duchy title, discouraging you from holding two de jure duchies. If your diplomacy and intrigue are both very low, you may be at risk of becoming known as a Wicked Caliph Bad priest muslim.png, which lowers moral authority. You also do not have access to the Give Sadaqah decision.

建立一个哈里发国

A Muslim ruler who meets special requirements can create a caliphate for their branch of Islam.

  • No caliph exists for this branch of Islam.
  • Independent, or all lieges follow the same branch of Islam.
  • For Shia: there is not an ongoing Shia caliphate revolt.
  • For Shia, Sunni, Ibadi, or Hurufi:
    • 1000 Piety OR Sayyid.png trait (male-line relative of Mohammed) OR Mirza.png trait (son of a Sayyid mother) OR bloodline
    • (1000 Piety AND Sayyid.png trait) OR (bloodline and 500 piety) OR (control Mecca and Medina) OR (control Jerusalem, Damascus, and Baghdad)
  • For Yazidi:
    • 1000 Piety
    • Control Mosul
  • For Kharijite:
    • 1000 Piety
    • (Control Mecca and Medina) OR (control Jerusalem, Damascus, and Baghdad)
  • For Qarmatian:
    • 500 Piety
    • Sayyid.png trait OR Mirza.png trait OR 1000 piety OR bloodline
    • Control three holy sites OR bloodline

Players who meet all requirements will see a Title can be created alert. Players who are unsure which requirements are unmet can open the Religion tab, click the crown icon under "No Head", and hover the "Create Title" button.

Getting the Sayyid trait or a religious leadership bloodline into a dynasty requires matrilineal marriage. This is difficult because Muslims normally cannot marry matrilineally nor suggest matrilineal marriages. With DLC icon Conclave.png Conclave DLC, matrilineal marriage becomes possible if you reach at least Notable Status of Women and then switch to a non-agnatic form of succession.

犹太教

A Jew who restores the Kingdom of Israel and has built the Third Temple can, by decision, reinstate the office of Kohen Gadol, or High Priest. Like the Zoroastrian religious leader, the Kohen Gadol can call Great Holy Wars as soon as his office is reinstated.

祆教

With Dlc icon the old gods.pngThe Old Gods DLC, Zoroastrians can restore their ancient religion to prominence by retaking the Persian Empire and appointing a Moabadan-Moabad (Priest of Priests) who will function thereafter as a religious head. A notable feature of the Moabadan-Moabad is his ability to call Great Holy Wars without having to wait until the 11th or 12th century like Christians, Muslims or Reformed Pagans.

改革原始宗教(没有神圣之怒 Holy Fury.png)

It is also possible with Dlc icon the old gods.pngThe Old Gods DLC to reform Pagan religions. The ruler who forms it and his direct vassals, demense, and courtiers will automatically convert, while other rulers have the option of conversion. This has the following effects:

  • The old, unreformed religion has "old" in front of it, showing that it's the unreformed version, e.g. "Old Tengri". The old religion also becomes a heresy of the reformed religion.
  • The religion becomes organised, getting a permanent +20% moral authority, which makes conversion of others easier and makes them less prone to conversion to other religions.
  • The religion gets a head. This is a duke-tier vassal like an Orthodox Patriarch, except the Germanic Fylkir who is a secular ruler like the Muslim Caliphs. The leader can call Great Holy Wars (which are Crusades with a different name), so long as either the Christian Crusades or the Muslim Jihads are unlocked. Once a Great Holy War has been unlocked for one Pagan type, they are unlocked for all Pagan types.
  • If the Player has the relevant DLC, the reformed faith gets a Holy Order. The Germanic Jomsvikings require Dlc icon the old gods.pngThe Old Gods, the Zunist Sun Warriors require DLC icon Charlemagne.png Charlemagne, and all others require Dlc icon sons of abraham.pngSons of Abraham. (Note that the Jomsvikings may form on their own after the year 920, even if the faith is not reformed.)
  • Rulers gain access to a modified Holy War casus belli, requiring 100 piety but having only a 5 year truce and usable against anyone of a different religion, including reformed and unreformed Pagans of a different religion.
  • Rulers lose access to the Subjugation casus belli.
  • Religions that get a defensive attrition bonus (all but Tengri and Aztec) lose it, but holdings keep their levy/garrison size and strength bonuses.
  • (Without DLC icon Conclave.pngConclave) Feudal rulers may set Crown Authority higher than Low.
  • Tribal Pagan rulers do not receive opinion penalties from Reformed Pagan vassals, can have Gavelkind succession (along with Elective Gavelkind), and may settle to either feudalism or a Merchant Republic so long as they meet other requirements.
  • Feudal rulers may use succession laws other than gavelkind (and ultimogeniture for Mongols), so long as they meet other requirements.
  • Independence wars no longer have increased ticking warscore, making them harder to win. This is bad for vassals, but good for rulers.
  • The "short reign" opinion penalty returns to its normal level (50% higher than other religions when unreformed).
  • Germanic, Tengri, and Aztec rulers lose the prestige penalties for being at peace, but gain the usual opinion penalties for raising vassal levies.

It is possible to reform any of the Pagan religions except the generic Pagan and Hellenic religions. This requires 750 piety and either owning all five Holy Sites or owning three and having 50% moral authority.

Without Holy Fury, pagan reformation always creates a duke-tier religious head.

改革原始宗教(有神圣之怒 Holy Fury.png)

With Holy Fury.pngHoly Fury, in order for the reformed pagan faith to have a religious head, the Leadership type chosen by the reformer must not be Autonomous. Also, with Holy Fury, Hellenism and the Bon faith can be reformed. The nature of the religious head depends on the leadership type.

Note that with Temporal, you cannot hold Temples without penalty unless you are reformed Bon with Monastic Feudalism. Temporal leadership also means that you are encouraged to act in a pious manner, as your piety directly affects the Moral Authority of the faith.